Solomon Islands

~Population: 549 574   Land area: 29 785 km2  ~EEZ area: 1 340 000 km2   ~Reef Area5 750 km2   HDILow   EVI: Vulnerable

Read more country details

The Solomon Islands are the third-largest island country in the Pacific, after Papua New Guinea and Fiji. The Solomon Islands have a coastline of 9,880 km and the provisional EEZ is with 1,589,477 km2 the second largest in the Pacific. It comprises a total reef area of approximately 5,750 km2 and a total mangrove area of 642 km2. The country is composed of about 1000 islands divided into nine provinces, which differ in environment, population density and culture. In addition to this heterogeneity, there are three levels of governance over the oceans, customary, provincial and national. Approximately 80% of the land is customary land which includes foreshores, reefs and land between low- and high-water marks. This gives villagers control, ownership and rights to use of resources within the customary area. Customary rights are acknowledged by authorities and in some national and provincial laws.

 

VALUING

Marine and coastal ecosystems provide benefits for all people in the Solomon Islands. Yet, these ecosystem services often remain invisible. Truly recognizing the value of such resources can help to highlight their importance and prevent their unnecessary loss.
The results presented here summarise a report on the economic values of the Solomon Islands’ marine ecosystem services. Once values are more visible, governments and stakeholders can plan and manage resources more sustainably, and maintain economic and social benefits of marine and coastal biodiversity in the long term.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solomon Islands National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Report

Solomon Islands National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Summary

Solomon Islands National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Infographic

 

PLANNING

In 2015, the Solomon Islands Government, technically facilitated by MACBIO, hosted an in-house, cross-Ministerial Ocean Summit to explore synergies, conflicts, development and conservation opportunities in regard to marine resources  in the national EEZ.  At the Summit, the government decided that a more integrated, EEZ-wide spatial planning approach would benefit the future of the Solomons. In 2016 the Cabinet decided to support more integrated ocean governance and the Ocean12 meeting established an Ocean Technical Working Group and decided to develop detailed roadmaps, including for spatial ocean planning.
Over the coming years the MACBIO Project will provide ongoing technical assistance to the Solomon Island Government in support of this important objective.

Vision: A healthy, secure, clean and productive ocean which benefits the people of the Solomon Islands and beyond

 

MANAGING

To assist the Solomon Islands Government to achieve its targets for a marine spatial planning and effective management, MACBIO facilitated a review of legislation, policies, strategies and plans relating to the development of marine protected areas in the Solomon Islands.

Review of legislation, policies, strategies and plans relating to the development of marine protected areas in the Solomons

Summary – Review of legislation, policies, strategies and plans relating to the development of marine protected areas in the Solomons

 

Moreover, in the Solomon Islands, MACBIO supports the examination of the successes, challenges and lessons learned from the Arnavon Islands Community Marine Conservation Area (ACMCA).

The Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area: a review of successes, challenges, and lessons learned

 

→ Resources

PEIN Solomon Islands Country Profile and Virtual Environment Library
Protected Planet Solomon Islands Protected Areas

 

MACBIO - Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacific Island CountriesImprint © MACBIO 2013 - 2018