~Population: 100 835   Land area: 726 km2  ~EEZ area: 3 550 000 km2   ~Reef Area: 1 967 km2   HDI: Medium   EVI: Extremely vulnerable

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Kiribati comprises 33 atoll islands, rising barely a meter above sea level, straddling the equator and bisected by the International Date Line. Kiribati’s coastline extends to 1,143 km with a total reef area of 1,967 km2. Up until 2009, a total number of 14 sites were known to be marine protected areas. Twenty-two of the islands are inhabited, with a total population of 103,058, and a population growth rate of just less than 2% per annum. There are three main geographical regions in the country: the Gilbert Islands group, the Phoenix group and the Line Islands. The total land mass of all the islands is 810 km2. Kiritimati Island, in the Line Islands, has the largest land mass of 388 km2, almost half of the total land area of Kiribati. But while the land area is relatively small, the ocean area is huge—it covers 3.5 million km2_larger than India.



Marine and coastal ecosystems provide benefits for all people in Kiribati. Yet, these ecosystem services often remain invisible. Truly recognizing the value of such resources can help to highlight their importance and prevent their unnecessary loss.
The results presented here summarise a report on the economic values of Kiribati’s marine ecosystem services. Once values are more visible, governments and stakeholders can plan and manage resources more sustainably, and maintain economic and social benefits of marine and coastal biodiversity in the long term.














Kiribati National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Report

Kiribati National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Summary

Kiribati National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Infographic

Kiribati National Marine Ecosystem Service Valuation – Presentation





Explore some Kiribati maps from the MACBIO MSP Atlas


Maximizing Benefits from Our Ocean – Marine Spatial Planning Banner – Tarawa, Kiribati (Eng.)

Barongan kabonganakin ara Marawa – Marine Spatial Planning Banner – Tarawa, Kiribati (Kir.)



In Kiribati MACBIO supports marine and coastal biodiversity management on three sites – the learning sites on the North Tarawa Ramsar Site and Arorae, as well as the integration site  Kiritimati. These sites are representating different contexts from urban to rural settings.



→ Kiribati Updates

PEIN Kiribati Country Profile and Virtual Environment Library

Protected Planet Kiribati Protected Areas


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